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The flaws in the American electoral process have become increasingly apparent in recent years. The contemporary tipping point in public awareness occurred during the 2000 election count, and concern deepened due to several major problems observed in the 2016 campaign, worsening party polarization, and corroding public trust in the legitimacy of the outcome.To gather evidence about the quality of elections around the world, in 2012 the Electoral Integrity Project (EIP) was established as an independent research project based at Harvard and Sydney universities. The results show that experts rated American elections as the worst among all Western democracies. Without reform, these problems risk damaging the legitimacy of American elections -- further weakening public confidence in political parties, Congress, and the U.

About the Author

Pippa Norris

PIPPA NORRIS is a comparative political scientist who has taught at Harvard for two decades. She is the McGuire Lecturer in Comparative Politics at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University and ARC Laureate Fellow and Professor of Government and International Relations at the University of Sydney.

Recent honors include award of the 2011 Johan Skytte prize in political science, with Ronald Inglehart, the 2011 Kathleen Fitzpatrick Australian Laureate Fellowship, a 'special recognition' award by the UK Political Science Association, and a Doctor honoris causa by the University of Edinburgh.

Her research compares public opinion and elections, democratic institutions and cultures, gender politics, and political communications in many countries worldwide. She is currently engaged in a major new project, www.electoralintegrityproject.com .

A well-known public speaker and prolific author, she has published almost forty books. This includes a series for Cambridge University Press: A Virtuous Circle: Political Communications in Postindustrial Societies (2000, winner of the 2006 Doris A. Graber award for the best book in political communications) , Digital Divide: Civic Engagement, Information Poverty and the Internet Worldwide (2001) , Democratic Phoenix: Political Activism Worldwide (2002) and Rising Tide: Gender Equality and Cultural Change Around the Globe (with Ronald Inglehart, 2003) , Electoral Engineering: Voting Rules and Political Behavior (2004) , Sacred and Secular: Religion and Politics Worldwide (with Ronald Inglehart, 2004, winner of the Virginia Hodgkinson prize from the Independent Sector) , Radical Right: Voters and Parties in the Electoral Market (2005) , Driving Democracy: Do power-sharing institutions work? (2008) and Cosmopolitan Communications: Cultural Diversity in a Globalizing World (2009, with Ronald Inglehart) , Democratic Deficit: Critical Citizens Revisited (2011) , and Making Democratic Governance Work: The Impact of Regimes on Prosperity, Welfare and Peace (Cambridge University Press 2012) . Her latest book under development is Why Electoral Integrity Matters.

Other authored or coauthored books include On Message (1999) , Electoral Change Since 1945 (1997) , Political Recruitment (1995) , British By-elections (1990) , Politics and Sexual Equality (1986) . Edited books include Britain Votes 2005 (co-edited with Christopher Wlezien, 2005) , Framing Terrorism (2003) , Britain Votes 2001 (2001) , Critical Citizens (1999) , Critical Elections (1999) , The Politics of News (1998, 2nd edition 2007) , Elections and Voting Behaviour (1998) , Britain Votes 1997 (1997) , Women, Media and Politics (1997) , Politics and the Press (1997) , Passages to Power (1997) , Comparing Democracies (1996, 2nd ed. 2002, 3rd edition 2009) , Women in Politics (1996) , Different Voices, Different Lives (1994) , Gender and Party Politics (1993) , British Elections & Parties

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