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Charles Darwin called it "a little world within itself." Sailors referred to it as "Las Encantadas" - the enchanted islands. Lying in the eastern Pacific Ocean, straddling the equator off the west coast of South America, the Galápagos is the most pristine archipelago to be found anywhere in the tropics. It is so remote, so untouched, that the act of wading ashore can make you feel like you are the first to do so.Yet the Galápagos is far more than a wild paradise on earth - it is one of the most important sites in the history of science. Home to over 4,000 species native to its shores, around 40 percent of them endemic, the islands have often been called a "laboratory of evolution." The finches collected on the Galápagos inspired Darwin's revolutionary theory of natural selection.



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